It is three thousand years old, but is one of the most innovative material: three out of four of the 3,500 available types just did not exist only 20 years ago. It is everywhere around us because is the world’s most unexpensive and most important material, without which the Industrial Revolution just couldn’t have happened.
It is resistant and durable, with an average life of 40 years. It is 100% recyclable and does not lose its qualities when re-used. Steel, an alloy made up of iron with a percent of carbon up to same 2% and other materials, permeates the world we are living in: it is used through the entire manufacturing industry, from surgery scalpels up to trains and ships, from house appliances to packaging, from buildings to cars and bridges.
Steel production processes are basically two: integral cycle or blast furnace (primary steel) and electric furnace. In the first case, the raw material is the iron ore, but up to 30% of steel wreck can be used. From the steel produced with this mode, are obtained mainly flat semi-finished products: rolled coil used for the production of trains, vehicles, ships, house appliances, packaging and pipes.
In the second case, the raw material is 100% made of wreck and the resulting are mainly long semi-finished products: rails, pipes, beams and bars for the construction industry.
In 2020, global steel demand was 1.725 billion tons, of which more than half from China alone (980.1 million tons), and in the current year according to the World Steel Association estimates, should be close to 1.8 billion tons.
In 2019 the global production was 1.869 billion tons and is expected to grow up to 2.6 billion tons by 2070.
Its endless recyclability, that leaves its characteristics intact, makes steel the pivot of the future circular economy. Always according to the World Steel Association, the steel sustainability model is based upon the so called 4Rs: Reducing, Reusing, Recycling and Restoring material.
Italian primary steel production in 2019 was equal to 23.2 million tons, with a domestic demand of 29 million tons, matched mainly thanks to the reusing of wreck, that yet offer a lower quality steel, not usable in all industry segments.
The gap between demand and offer is wider than all other European countries. That is why is needed to increase more steel from integral cycle, in order to satisfy the national demand from the diverse industrial sectors, a fact that forces Italy to import every year huge quantities, namely from Turkey, France, Germany, India and South Korea, and to avoid that the national steel industries continue to suffer capacity losses, as already happened with the electric engines electromagnetic steel plate or the steel cord.
Total steel production, both primary and recycled, that in 2020 was slightly more than 20 million tons, (source: Federacciai), is penalized by two factors compared to foreign competitors: higher labor and energy costs.
Herewith the necessity to a new plan aimed at protecting the sector, starting from the revamping of the Taranto plant, the capacity of which is now limited to some 10 million tons per year in the integral cycle. That would produce benefits in terms of contained prices and of more certainty of the supply to the national sector of automotive, home appliances and shipbuilding.
Support to the production of plates and rails is also a strategic necessity, in order for example to fully exploit 28 billion euros made disposable by the Recovery plan for motorways and high-speed railways. In fact, steel represents some 20-25% of the total capital expenditure for the high-speed trains.
As of today, Acciaierie d’Italia supplies almost all the industrial sectors with its products.
The mobility is rapidly changing, along with the world of cars and other transportation means production, with an increasing focus on the abatement of emissions and the environmental impact, and steel plays a key role in helping the auto industry in the creation of vehicles always more light, resistant and efficient.
Houses, roads, buildings, motorways, airports: steel represents a fundamental part of any of them. From the deepest foundations up to the tallest buildings, from bridges to railways, steel means and brings strength, resistance and endurance that are needed to create spaces and infrastructures in which our everyday lives are lived.
The energy sector is just based upon steel: it guarantees the existence of the infrastructure that makes possible the production and the transport of any kind of energy, from traditional ones to renewables.Steel performance and quality are the basis to satisfy all the regulatory requisites that oversee the energy sector across the world.
Steel is among food industry best friend as it warrants products’ quality and freshness, with the additional benefit of being recyclable time by time without losing its strength and intrinsic characteristics, making it the perfect choice for both producers and consumers.
Steel is among the most favored materials by manufacturers of home appliances. Acciaierie d’Italia offers to this market competitive answers, that effectively match increasingly stringent requirements demanded to producers, as for lesser thickness, planarity and cleanliness of surfaces, versatility to glazing and pressing.
Mechanics and manufacturing sectors use stainless steel to create components inside machineries and devices, given its capability of covering with a oxide adhering coat that gives protection against oxygen and chemical agents.
The plants of Taranto, Genoa and Novi Ligure are certified under regulation ISO 9001 for the design and production of steel
The plants of Taranto and Novi Ligure are certified under regulation IATF 16949 concerning the steel production for the automotive sector
Tube mills of Taranto are certified according to the specific API 5L (American Petroleum Institute) for the production of welded tubes for oil and gas pipelines
Marine facilities of Genoa and Taranto are certified under regulation ISO 9001 for load/unload activities of freighters in application of European Directive 2001/96/CE and Decree 16.1.2004
The chemical-physics analysis lab of Taranto (raw materials, process, waste and environment, gases, water and metals) is accredited with Sistema Nazionale di Accreditamento dei Laboratori di Prova of the national organism ACCREDIA under regulation UNI CEI EN ISO/IEC 17025 for the testing and the monitoring of greenhouse gas emissions and for the self-control of the environmental matrixes of the Taranto plant
The Taranto plant is certified and homologated for products like sheets and plates for the naval sector (RINA-Registro Navale Italiano, Bureau Veritas, DNV-GL, Lloyd’s Register among others)
The Taranto plant is homologated TUV NORD for the production of special steel for pressure apparels according to regulation AD 2000-Merkblatt W0/HP0/TRD100
The Taranto and Racconigi plants obtained the homologation for “CE labeling” for structural steel for buildings (plates and sheets complying with regulation EN 10025 and for structural steel for the production of welded tubes complying with regulation EN 10219) according to Directives 89/106/EEC e 93/68/EEC
The Genoa, Novi Ligure and Taranto plants obtained from the Ministry for Infrastructures and Transports (Central Technical Service of the Superior Council of Public Works) the homologation for the production of special zinc-coated steel for the construction industry according to Decree 14.01.2008 “Technical Rules for Constructions”
In June 2021 was renewed with IGQ the certification of the management system for quality and supply to the automotive sector, complying to ISO 9001:2015 and IATF 16949:2016